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Residential Care Home


What is a Residential Care Home (Also called Personal Care or Group Home)?

Residential Care Homes, are also known as Adult Family Homes, Adult Family Care Homes, Residential Care Facilities, Personal Care Home, and Care Homes depending on what part of the country you live in. Most care homes are located in single-family homes in residential neighborhoods. The care homes usually range in size from one to six beds. Residents share common areas such as a living room and dining room, but will generally have their own private room with a handicap accessible design. In some cases the owners are required to live in the home, and in other cases they are not.


Typical Services Offered in Residential Care Homes

Residential Care Homes offer a wide range of services but consumers should look closely at the programs of each facility to see if the services will meet their needs. A good home will also offer community and social activities in addition to basic services.


Amenities in Residential Care Homes typically include:


• Comfortable private or semi-private rooms
• Three home prepared meals
• Housekeeping service
• Laundry service
• Medication management
• Social programs and activities
• Transportation to and from doctor's appointments

Residential Care Homes are group living arrangements in a residential setting designed for people who can no longer live independently, and who don't require the care of a nursing home. Daily rates of these care homes are usually less than the rates at a nursing home.


Level of Care

Most providers choose the level of care assistance they provide however, they must be certified. Residential Care Homes provide varying levels of care, protective supervision and assistance with activities of daily living, such as bathing, grooming, dressing and basic self care. Some homes specialize in caring for people who are physically frail. Other homes care for people who have dementia or Alzheimer's disease. Some homes provide support to individuals who are both frail of body and mind. A limited number of homes also care for younger adults with developmental disabilities. Each home has its own unique personality and area of specialty.
The depth of knowledge and experience spans a broad spectrum among providers and care giving staff. Some homes are operated by medical professionals such as Physicians, Nurses or Therapists. Other homes are operated by para-professionals such as Certified Nursing Assistants or Nursing Assistants Registered.


Caregiver Training and Certification

In addition to fundamental courses on caregiving, first-aid, CPR and annual continuing education, Residential Care Home providers and their staff must become certified in various areas of specialty, if they provide care to individuals with those specific needs.


In-Home Care


What is In-Home Care?

In-home care is among the most requested services in our society today. In the last decade, the emergence of in-home care has created a new service industry meeting an ever growing demand, the desire for elder/seniors to remain living at home. In-home care renders a range of companionship, supervision and personal care services in the comfort and convenience of a person's own home. This eliminates the need for elder/seniors to move into a facility. In-home care from a professional is appropriate whenever a person prefers to stay at home but needs ongoing care that cannot easily or effectively be provided solely by family and friends.


In-Home Care Non-Medical Care vs. Medical Care

Most elderly seniors want to age independently at home and not burden their family. In-home care from a professional makes that possible. Care in the home may include some combination of skilled health care services and non-medical or assisted living services. The phrases, In-Home Care, Home Care and Home Health Care have been used in the past interchangeably regardless of whether the person requires skilled nursing care or not.
Today, however, there is growing understanding that "home health care" means skilled nursing care and that "in-home care" means non-medical care, personal care, custodial care or domiciliary care. These differences are important because they help determine the appropriate level of care provided, which in-turn will determine the actual cost of care and also the funding sources available to pay for care.


Typical In-Home Care Non-Medical Services

Non-medical care services include personal care, companionship and supervision, as well as help in the home with the tasks of daily living such as meal preparation, medication reminders, laundry, light housekeeping, errands, shopping, and transportation. Activities of daily living (ADL) refers to six specific activities (bathing, dressing, transferring, using the toilet, eating, and walking) that reflect an individual's capacity for self-care.


Hospice Care


What is Hospice Care?

Hospice care provides medical services, emotional support, and spiritual resources for people who are in the last stages of a serious illness, such as cancer or heart failure. Hospice care focuses on comfort and quality of life, rather than cure. Hospice care also helps family members manage the practical details and emotional challenges of caring for a dying loved one. Hospice care affirms life and views death as a natural process.
Hospice care is appropriate for those who have a limited prognosis of 12 months or less. Some people think that starting hospice is a last resort that it means they're giving up on life. Some think that hospice means a lower level of medical care, but hospice is simply a type of care that focuses on the quality of your life instead of continuing with treatment to prolong your life.


What Kind of Services Does Hospice Care Provide?


Hospice services usually include:
• Basic medical care with a focus on pain and symptom control.
• Access to a member of your hospice team 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
• Medical supplies and equipment as needed.
• Counseling and social support to help you and your family with psychological,
  emotional, and spiritual issues.
• Guidance with the difficult, but normal, issues of life completion and closure.
• A break (respite care) for caregivers, family, and others who regularly care for you.
• Volunteer support, such as preparing meals and running errands.
• Counseling and support for your loved ones after death.
All hospice care facilities must provide certain services, but they tend to have different approaches to service, staffing patterns, and types of support services offered.